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Health and fitness - Sức khỏe và thể dục

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Unit 33 : Health and fitness - Sức khỏe và thể dục

Bài học này sẽ cung cấp cho các bạn những từ vựng tiếng Anh về sức khỏe. Học xong bài này các bạn nên tập thể dục và ăn uống điều độ để có excellent health nhé!


- Overweight - Mập

=> Fat
Ex: 70% of the population is now overweight according to official figures.


- Obesity - Béo phì


=> Extrememly fat or overweight.
Ex: Obesity is now a real problems for teenagers.
Teenagers who are obese are often bullied at school.


- Eating Disorder - Rối loạn tiêu hóa


=> A mental illness in which people eat far too little or far too much food and are unhappy with their bodies.
Ex: Bulimia and anorexia are types of eating disorder. Both are beoming more common.


- Nutrients - Chất dinh dưỡng


=> Any substance which plants or animals need in order to live and grow.
Ex: A healthy diet should consist of all the essential nutrients.
This meal is very nutritious.


- Diet - Chế độ ăn uống


=> The food and drink usually eaten or drunk by a person or group.
When someone eats less food, or only particular types of food, because they want to become thinner or for medical reasons.
Ex: It is important to have a healthy diet. People must eat plenty of fruit and vegetables.
I've been on a diet now for four weeks, and I've lost about one kilo.


- Overeating - Ăn quá nhiều


=> Eating more than your body needs.
Ex: There is evidence that overeating is one of the main causes of obesity..


- Ingredients - Nguyên liệu nấu ăn


=> A food that is used with other foods in the preparation of a particular dish.
Ex: The ingredients of the dish include nuts, raisins, and parsley.


- Allergy - Dị ứng


=> A condition that makes a person become ill or develop skin or breathing problems because they have eaten certain foods or been near certain substances.
Ex: Allergies are becoming more common, and this could be connected to diet. If I eat nuts, I have an allergic reaction. I cannot breath properly.


- Additive - Gia vị hoặc chất bảo quản


=> A substance which is added to food in order to improve its taste or appearance or to preserve it.
Ex: This food is full of additives so I'm not going to eat it.


- Prevent - Ngăn ngừa


=> To stop something from happening.
Ex: Lots of exercise wil prevent a heart attack.
The prevention of health problems should be encouraged by the government. For example, they could ban the advertising of fast food to children.


- Variety - Đa dạng


=> Often changing and being different.
Ex: When preparing meals, you need to think aboutvariety and taste as well as nutritional value.


- Appetite - Thèm ăn


=> When you want to eat food.
Ex: All that exercise has given me an appetite


- Fibre - chất xơ


=> A substance in foods such as fruit, vegetables and brown bread, which travels through the body as waste and helps the contents of the bowels to pass through the body easily.
Ex: A diet that is high in fibre is important in order to maintain a healthy body.


- Regular - Thông thường


=> Happening or doing something often.
Ex: Regular physical exercise is important for good health 


- Vitamins - Vitamin


=> Any of a group of natural substances which are necessary in small amounts for the growth and good health of the body.
Ex: Many people take vitamin supplements these days in order to keep their body healthy.


- Diabetes - Bệnh tiểu đường


=> A disease in which the body cannot control the level of sugar in the blood.
Ex: Diabetes is becoming much more prevalent ( = common or widespread) amongst children.


- Health - Sức khỏe


=> The condition of the body and the degree to which it is free from illness, or the state of being well.
Ex: Fruit has several health benefits.


Elderly people can have many health problems.

The health care in the country is deteriorating ( =getting worse).

There may be health risks from eating too much red meat.

Health education is very important if we are to prevent illness and reduce medical costs.

Sweden has one of the best health systems in the word.

The population of the country is in good health.

Lack of exercise can lead to poor health.

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